Anti-convulsant effects of bongardia chrysogonum L. Tuber in the pentylenetetrazole-induced seizure model
Background and Objective: The dried tuber of Bongardia chrysogonum (L.) is a popular folk remedy for its use in the treatment of epilepsy in traditional medicine. The study aimed to evaluate the anti-oxidant and anti-convulsant activity of B. chrysogonum ethanolic-aqueous extract using the Pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) kindling animal model. Materials and Methods: Male mice were randomly selected and divided into 9 experimental groups including: Control group, pentylenetetrazole kindled mice, positive mice group receiving valproate (200 mg kg-1 p.o.) a classic anticonvulsant drug and 3 groups receiving B. chrysogonum tuber-ethanolic or aqueous extract at a doses of (600, 900 and 1200 mg kg-1 p.o.). All groups, except the control, were kindled by 11 injections of PTZ (40 mg kg-1, i.p.). All groups, except the control group, were tested at 12th PTZ challenge dose (75 mg kg-1 i.p.). The exhibited phases of seizure (0-6) were observed and noted; moreover, anti-oxidant effect of these extract was examined in in vitro study by using a spectrophotometric technique. The significance of differences between groups were determined using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by post hoc test, Dunnett's multiple comparison tests. Results: The data showed that both valproate and B. chrysogonum tuber extracts delay the onset of convulsions, decrease duration of the seizure and reduced mortality significantly (p<0.05). In addition, B. chrysogonum showed a wide range of scavenging capacities for free radicals, which may underpin the effective in vivo seizure suppression. Conclusion: It was concluded that B. chrysogonum L. tuber extracts display anti-oxidant, free radical scavenging properties in vitro and, in mice, provides new scientific evidence for the anti-seizure properties of B. chrysogonum.
Abuirmeileh, Amjad Naji
Abdel, Ennaceur M.
Chazot, Paul Louis